Local, National and International events in 1891
|Events in Powys / Wales||Events in Britain||International Events|
Arts & Culture "Cymru" Published. A monthly magazine, "Cymru" contained articles on the history, literature and culture of Wales.
Brecon & Radnor Express: Craig y Nos Castle opens, 12 July 1891 - home of Mme Adelina Patti, renowned opera singer.
"Buffalo Bill's "Wild West" show has just been stationed at Cardiff; 200,000 people visited the show in one week." Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 6.10.91
Local Government Act in 1888, which created county councils and large towns as county seats decentralizing power.
Apr 5: Sixth full British Census.
Primary education made free and compulsory.
September - the Free Education Act comes
into force. Mont.
Visit of members of the Water Committee of the Town Council to Rhayader, also Chairman of Public Works Committee, Town Clerk, Engineer of the Water Department and Medical Officer of Health. They visited Rhayader and the Elan Valley to see the land where the reservoirs were proposed to be built. 24.2.91 Montgomeryshire Express & Radnor Times
"The efforts made by the officials of the Welsh Tinplate Workers' Union to avert the enforced idleness for at least four weeks of 25,000 operatives have proved unsuccessful. At the end of the present week most of the tinplate works in the Principality will be closed." Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 30.6.91
"Landslip on the Cambrian Railway. Trains delayed. A Man Killed. On Monday evening, a landslip occurred at Talerddig Cutting, which is a rocky district between Llanbrynmair and Carno railway stations." Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 11.8.91
Serious floods in Montgomeryshire. Mont. Express & Radnor Times
1.9.91 - "GREAT FIRE IN NEWTOWN. "Partial Destruction of a Mill - Enormous Damage - Mill Hands Thrown out of Work - Grand Work by the Fire Brigades."
Fire at the Jones, Evans & Co. Ltd. mill in Newtown. Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 20.10.91
More floods in Newtown. Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 15.12.91
22.6.91 - Death of J W Gibson-Watt Esq.
of Doldowlod reported. d. 19.6.91 at Brighton - b. 4.8.31. Great
grandson of James Watt.
Death of the Earl of Powis, 12.5.91 Montgomery Express & Radnor Times, also Mont. Council minutes.
Idea for "Commonwealth Games"
Children's Illustrator Kate Greenaway (45) holds an exhibition of her work at the Fine Arts Societyin 1891.
Agatha Christie, British mystery writer, is born.
Painter Stanley Spencer is born.
The cartoonist David Low (1891-1963) chronicled and commented on many
of the great events of the 20th century.
Oscar Wilde's "Picture of Dorian Gray" is published.
The Judge's House (Holly Leaves) and The Snake's Pass: by Bram Stoker. 1891.
Noughts and Crosses 1891 by Sir Authur Quiller-Couch.
September - the Free Education Act comes into force. Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 1.9.91
John Davidson's In a Music Hall
James Kenneth Stephen's Lapsus Calami and Quo Musa Tendis.
Founding of "The Strand Magazine", perhaps the first cheaply-produced Linotype-set wood-pulp paper magazine. Aimed at a large middle class audience for both fiction and nonfiction, its success was assured when it contracted with Arthur Conan Doyle for a series of Sherlock Holmes stories.
Queen Victoria is 72 years old in 1891. She was also the Empress of India, a title that was was given to her by Disraeli P.M., by act of Parliament in 1877.
In 1891 the Empire consisted of approximately 10,500,000 square miles. It stretched from Central America, the East Indies, China, India and large areas of west, east and southern Africa. By 1901 the Empire had further expanded to 11,908,378 square miles. The aggregate area of the British colonies,dependencies, and protectorates at that time was more than one-fifth of the land surface of the globe.
1891 - The Prime Minister is Robert Arthur Talbot - Gascoyne-Cecil Salisbury.
3rd Marquess of Salisbury.
After Disraeli died in 1881, Salisbury became Conservative leader and in June of 1885 he was prime minister. His second government saw the passage of the Local Government Act in 1888, which created county councils and large towns as county seats decentralizing power. His third government was a coalition between Unionist, Conservatives and Liberals. His time was chiefly occupied with the second Boer War (1899-1902).
Feb.13th 1891" Jack the Ripper"
Joseph Chamberlain becomes leader of the Liberal Unionists in the Commons. The Liberal Party advocates Irish home rule, the disestablishment of the Welsh Church, 3-year Parliaments, and reform of the House of Lords.
5th April: Sixth full British Census.
Primary education made free and compulsory.
Public Health (London) Act seeks to control factory chimney emissions in the capital.
"The threatened strike in the Clyde shipbuilding yards came into force on Tuesday, when 7,000 men, employed in six of the yards, came out on strike as a protest against a 5 per cent. reduction." Montgomeryshire Express & Radnor Times, 16.6.91
Scotch Railway Strike.Police attacked in riots at Greenock engine sheds by Picketers.
Report of deaths in Bradford from hydrophobia. Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 18.8.911
1891 Treaty of Peace, friendship and navigation with Britain and Oman.
British Interests threatened by Chilean civil war 1891.
"No fewer than twenty-five thousand people visited Mr Parnell's grave on Sunday week." Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 27.10.91
W.H. Smith, the newsagent and bookseller, dies. Mr W H Smith, First Lord of the Treasury, and Leader of the House of Commons. "Up to the age of forty he devoted all his energies to the business of "W H Smith and Son"." Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 13.10.91
The First street collection for charity takes place in Manchester, For Lifeboat Day.
Gandhi Sails to England in September to study law.
Charter of British South Africa Company extended to north of the Zambesi; Nyasaland proclaimed a British Protectorate
Ragtime is all the rage. Jazz (though it wasn't called this until after 1917) was in its earliest infancy in New Orleans.
Marie Eugene Dubois discovered 'Javaman,' now known as Homo erectus.
Founded in 1891, The Japan Society is founded to promote Anglo-Japanese relations.
Guy de Maupassant goes insane after writing novels, plays, 300 short
Morrison (Des Moines) devises the first functional U.S. electric car, claims it can do 22 kph.
In 1891 Jesse W. Reno created a moving stairway that elevated passengers on a conveyor belt at a 25degree angle. The invention is later shown at the Paris Exposition of 1900, where it is first called the escalator. The escalator as we know it was re-designed by Charles Seeberger in 1900.
Pavlova joins Imperial Theatre 1891
4 July 1891
Sergei Prokofiev is born.
Impressionist Claude Monet paints his famous 'Haystacks'.
Enrico Caruso began serious training for his voice.
The first 'telephoto lens' is attached to the camera. Also, photographers
can load camera film in daylight, not just in a darkroom.
1891 Irish Literary Society of London founded at house of W.B.Yeats.
Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel is born near Ulm, Germany. He later becomes known as the "Desert Fox" for commanding the North African campaign in world war two.
Henry Miller 1891-1980, American Author
1891: Ibsen's play Hedda Gabler
W L Judson invents the zipper
1891 George Bartholomew placed the first concrete street in the USA in Bellefontaine, Ohio, USA. It still exists.
Georges Seurat, French Impressionist painter and founder of ' Pointilism', dies.
Bronislava Nijinska born in Russia
Cole Porter, song writer, is born in 1891
Electric oven - Carpenter Electric Heating Manufacturing Co. 1891
The first true automobile (not carriage with motor) is invented by René Panhard and Emile Lavassor, France, 1891.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts part of the first concert in brand-new Carnegie Hall.
Max Ernst, German painter is born. He was later to become a leader of 'irrationality in art' and originator of the realist faction of the Surrealist movement.
In The USA the Sioux surrendered. This was the last major Indian conflict, and like all the others it ended in defeat for the Indians.
March 24th & April 15th
Anglo-Italian agreements over Abysinia.
April 1st 1891
April 9th 1891
Chilean civil war 1891
August 27th 1891
Montgomeryshire Express & Radnor Times, June onwards
Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 1.9.91
Mont. Express & Radnor Times, 3.11.91
Australian demands for Trade protection and unification
Germany implements the world's first public old-age pension system,
proposed by Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck, who left office a year
Ghandi starts to practice law in India.
American Express issues travellers cheques.
The Anglo-Portuguese convention in 1891. To many politicians and entrepreneurs, this effectively ended the hope of further British expansion on the African continent.
Boer trek in South Africa - some 20,000 reported to be on the move.
Chilean civil war 1891
Sioux nation surrendered January 16,
Unrest in China
Foda Cabbah's rebellion
Franco Tukolor war 1891
Anti-French uprising in Vietnam
World Leaders in 1891