Bywyd yn y Cartref
Cyfraith a Threfu
Powys: Y Pryd Hynny a Nawr
Haearnaun cael eu dangos yn Amgueddfa Powysland
Or chwith ir dde: haearn golosg, dau haearn bocs,
haearn smwddio fflat a haearn Eidalaidd.
Mae peiriant crimpio y tu ôl ir haearn Eidalaidd.
Amgueddfa Powysland a Chanolfan Camlas Sir Drefaldwyn
Bywyd yn y Cartref
Mae The Art and Practice of Laundry Work yn disgrifior mathau
o haearnau yr oedd golchwraig yn debygol ou defnyddio yn ystod ei bywyd.
Ynghyd âr haearn smwddio fflat, roedd y haearn sgleinio:
"The polishing-iron has a convex surface, being bevelled
off at the heel, and its power of producing a gloss is due, to a large
extent, to this smooth rounded finish given to the iron."
Yr haearn bocs:
"This iron is similar in shape to the flat-iron, but it
is larger and deeper, and, it having a hollow interior, is fitted with
solid pieces of metal known as heaters. These being heavy give weight
to the iron, and when made red-hot are placed inside the iron for the
purpose of heating it."
yr haearn nwy:
"The gas-iron is much like the box-iron in size and shape;
it also has a hollow interior, but it is heated by means of a jet of gas,
conducted to the iron by an india-rubber tube, which is attached to the
gas-jet, and burns inside the iron on the bunsen-burner principle."
yr haearn hetiau:
"The millinery-iron . . . is double-pointed, and is so
contructed that when the iron is turned round it describes a circle. It
is chiefly used for the ironing of crowns and brims of bonnets and hats."
yr haearn glo:
"The charcoal-iron is made . . . on the same principle
as the box and gas irons, but it has . . . a large funnel fixed in the
front of the iron, for the purpose of conducting the fumes of carbon dioxide
from the burning charcoal within. This iron . . . is heated by means of
burning charcoal. The method of heating it is as follows:- A piece of
charcoal is placed on an iron spoon and ignited; when properly burning,
it is placed in the hollow of the iron and surrounded by more charcoal.
The lid is then fitted on the iron, which is a few minutes becomes sufficiently
hot, and is then ready for use."
yr haearn wy:
"The Egg-Iron is a solid egg-shaped piece of iron fitted
on a movable upright stand. It is heated in the usual manner, and is used
for ironing the tops of small sleeves or gathered bodices, for which an
ordinary iron is not suitable. The egg-iron may be bought single or in
sets of four . . ."
yr haearn Eidalaidd:
"This is quite an old-fashioned iron. It was used in years
gone by for the regulation of frills, . . . but its use for that purpose
has almost been displaced by the introduction of goffering-tongs and crimping-irons.
The iron consists of a hollow tube, fixed horizontally on a stand with
a curved arm. The iron proper is made of polished steel, and is heated
by a heater of similar composition to that of the box-iron, only this
one is attached to a wooden handle . . . This bolt or heater is made red-hot,
and placed inside the iron . . . The chief use of the Italian-iron is
for the ironing of velvets, or articles that must be ironed without pressure."
Gefail crychu a chrimpio
ac yn olaf, gefail crychu a chrimpio:
"Goffering-Tongs are scissor-shaped, but with rounded points.
They are made of iron coated with steel, and are used for the regulation
of fully-gathered frills. They should be slightly heated . . . by placing
the points in the flame. This must be carefully done, as the coating of
steel cracks and eventually peels off if too much heated, with the result
that the surface becomes roughened and sticks to the fabric."
"Crimping-Tongs are flat-pointed, scissor-shaped irons,
with the inner surface of the points fluted. These are best adapted for
the regulation of slightly-gathered frills, and for narrow lace edgings
of childrens garments, to which they give a very delicate finish."
Roedd smwddio yn grefft ynddi ei hun; mae Margaret Rankin yn parhau i ddisgrifio
gofalu am haearnau, ar mathau eraill o offer oedd eu hangen: byrddau golchi,
blancedi smwddio, llieiniau smwddio, stand haearn, dalwyr haearn dros yr handlen,
bwrdd sgertiau, bwrdd crysau a sgleinio, a byrddau llewys.
* All illustrations on this page apart
from the photo are from The Art and Practice of Laundry Work, M C Rankin,
Blackie & Son, London, c1912. Collection of Margaret Reid.