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Taking the Waters: Saline and Chalybeate Springs

The saline springs at the Old Pump House and the Rock Park Pump house seemed to derive their principal benefits from their purgative action:

Document describing the healing properties of the Saline waters

General Observations on Saline Waters.
In passing through the various strata of the earth, the water dissolves and takes up its saline constituents. It is laxative, diuretic, and alterative, and is generally found of service in disease of the liver and kidneys, and in a costive habit of body. It has also been considered of value when used in conjunction with the chalybeate, in restoring the health of those who have become debilitated by a residence in a tropical climate, or suffer from scrofulous affections. It greatly increases the processes of secretion and excretion, and thus assists in the elimination from the blood of those morbid matters that are contained in the system.

Chalybeate Spring, Llandrindod Wells

The last type of spring was the Chalybeate Spring in Rock Park which seems to have been rich in iron. However, Dr Bowen Davies was emphatic that it should only be taken in moderation, and with an interval of at least 15 minutes between doses.

Breakfast should be taken between 8 and 9 a.m. . . .

Breakfast should be taken between 8 and 9 a.m. It may consist of coffee, weak tea, cocoa, or milk, with soft boiled eggs, fat bacon, tongue or white fish, bread and butter and dry toast. Hot buttered toast and new rolls should be avoided. Dinner at two p.m., and should consist of good plain food. Soups may be taken in small quantities. Any white fish, mutton, beef and lamb in joints, and chickens are wholesome. Pork or veal, hashes and made dishes of any description, are to be avoided, especially by those who suffer from a weak digestion. Vegetables of most kinds may be taken in moderation; but beware of taking large quantities of potatoes. Pastry and cheese should be partaken of but sparingly, but farinaceous puddings, with fresh fruits, stewed or raw, are decidedly wholesome. Strawberries can be especially recommended.

What to drink, and what to avoid

What to drink, and what to avoid. - With dinner take one glass of water or mild ale, or a glass or two of claret, or other light wine. Remember that pork is the most indigestible of meats, more so even that veal. Mutton is the most digestible, and next comes beef. Spirits, if not dispenses with altogether - which I should strongly recommend in most cases - should be taken well diluted with water. Raw spirits should never be swallowed by anyone. Children should never be given alcohol in any shape or form, except as a medicine. At an early age they are much better with tea or coffee. Milk is by far the best drink for them. Sugar should be partaken of but sparingly by those suffering from rheumatism or gout. Tea should not be drunk too hot, strong, or in too large a quantity, or late at night. To the immoderate consumption of tea is due in a great measure the large increase of those complaints which are usually termed nervous. Salt, smoked or spiced meat should be avoided, especially by those suffering from cutaneous diseases. The next and last meal should be taken about seven p.m., and may consist of bread and butter, dry toast, or biscuits, a slice or two of cold meat, tea, claret, or ale. After this take nothing. Tobacco, only of the mildest form, should be smoked in moderation, and then not in the earlier part of the day. "Nightcaps" should be strictly avoided, excepting perhaps by those who, by long habit, have become so accustomed to a nightly glass as to be unable to forego their usual stimulant.

Sound and Refreshing Sleep

Sound and Refreshing Sleep. - Retire before 10 o'clock to seek that repose which will soon be found in sound and refreshing sleep, if a proper amount of exercise in this bracing and exhilarating mountain air has been taken during the day."

Of dietetics I will write a few words . . .

Of dietetics I will write a few words before I bring to a close the chapters which have been entrusted to my care. I should strongly recommend that, at least while under treatment here, the stomach be not over-worked either by too heavy or too frequent meals. To partake of food three times a day is usually quite often enough; but if the visitor is accustomed to a fourth meal, and feels the want of it, it may be taken, but certainly not in the shape of a heavy supper. This meal, if partaken of at all, should be of the lightest description, and taken at least two or three hours before retiring to rest. Nothing in the shape of food or drink, except the waters, should be taken between meals. As the only exception to this rule, the patient may take a tumblerful of new milk before starting for the early morning walk. It is principally the habit of over-feeding, of over-loading the stomach; and not allowing this organ sufficient intervals of rest, which a large proportion of the upper and middle classes indulge in, that renders them to such an extent liable to dyspepsia, obesity, and plethoric diseases generally.

Taking the Waters
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