Powys: A Day in the Life

1891

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Occupations of residents of Pelican Street, Ystradgynlais

Pelican Street, Ystradgynlais
Pelican Street, Ystradgynlais, 1906
Colour added for emphasis
Powys County Archives

Pelican Street is part of the 'Island' on which Ystradgynlais is centred and ran from the canal to the river. It ran parallel to Oddfellows Street and contained a pub. The Butcher's Arms was run by the licensee Frederick Jones who lived there with his wife Mary, their five children and a 15 year old servant, Rachel Griffiths.

As with Oddfellows Street, the largest occupation was that of coal miner. In fact, over half were employed in the coal industry, with 31 miners, two labourers, one haulier and one 16 year old collier's mate. Even boys as young as 14 were employed as miners.

However the street also had some less usual professions, such as the clock and watch maker, the wood feller, the tailor and the well sinker. It also contained a pupil teacher, 18 year old Gwen Edwards, who perhaps worked at one of the schools in Oddfellows Street. An accountant lived next door - Dafydd Tomos Davies - with his widowed mother, Mary.

As well as Gwen Edwards, there were other working women living on Pelican Street. A few were domestic servants, and half a dozen were dressmakers. One was a duster: these women were employed in the iron works on machinery used to clean off residues accumulated during the manufacturing process. However, many women would have worked but not informed the enumerator that they had an occupation of any kind.

You can find out more about this area of Ystradgynlais on the Powys Digital History Project.

1891 Census
Pelican Street, Ystradgynlais
Name Age Occupation   Name Age Occupation
John Mansel Thomas 68 Tailor Frederick Jones 39 Licensed victualler
(Butcher's Arms)
David Jones 54 Coal miner Rachel Griffiths 15 Domestic servant
Jemima Jones 25 Dressmaker John Williams 47 Coal miner
Lewis Owen Davies 26 Coal miner Thomas Phillips 18 Coal miner
John Phillips 50 Shoemaker William Davies 33 Coal miner
Thomas Rees 65 Coal labourer Thomas Thomas 71 Labourer
Thomas Davies 75 Clock and watch maker Thomas Williams 55 Engine driver
Sarah Evans 46 Dressmaker William Williams 22 Coal miner
Rees Lewis Evans 25 Coal miner Sarah A Williams 17 Domestic servant
Alice Evans 23 Duster Elizabeth Williams 15 Home as servant
John ? Evans 14 Coal miner Lewis Williams 12 Coal miner
David J Davies 18 Coal miner David Morris 29 Coal miner
Jane Davies 16 Dressmaker Daffyd Tomos Davies 32 Accountant
Morgan Jones 26 Coal miner Mary Ann Edwards 17 Dressmaker
Griffith Jones 20 Haulier Nowell Edwards 41 Coal miner
Benjamin Jones 50 Coal miner Gwen Edwards 18 Pupil teacher
Thomas Jones 22 Haulier Tom Edwards 15 Coal miner
William Jones 17 Coal miner Samuel Jones 46 Coal miner
David H Jones 16 Coal miner Thomas Jones 19 Coal miner
Evan Jones 14 Coal miner William Jones 34 Coal miner
Thomas Hopkins 72 Retired greengrocer John Evans 50 Coal miner
Thomas Hopkins 24 Coal miner Rees Evans 18 Coal miner
David Walters 50 Hostler Gwen Evans 16 Dressmaker
Mary Walters 38 Housekeeper Lewis Evans 14 Coal miner
John Williams 25 Coal miner John W Jones 24 Coal miner
Abel Horrels 52 Well sinker Thomas Rees Evans 46 Colliery haulier
William Horrels 20 Coal miner William Rees Evans 19 Coal miner
Thomas Morgans 21 Coal miner Evan Evans 16 Collier's mate
William Owens 26 Coal miner John Evans 14 Collier's labourer
Frederick Hopton 70 Stonemason John Jones 30 Haulier
James Pritchard 24 Grocer's assistant Griffith Griffiths 62 Wood feller
      Naomi Davies 21 Dressmaker


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