Powys: A Day in the Life

1891

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Education

School Attendances

At Buttington School the headmaster Mr Powell found it necessary to close the school on many occasions throughout the year due to a low turnout, although there were various reasons for this. Somewhat exasperated, he commented on March 13th:

"Something must be done . . ."
Powys County Archives


"Something must be done to improve the attendance. I always require a note from the parents when children are kept at home, and send to know where they are when absent, but this doesn't seem to take the least effect."


Mr Powell had regular contact with the school attendance officer, Mr Potter, whose task it was to chase up some of the more persistent absentees. One parent promised to do better:

Very few turned up . . ."
Powys County Archives


"July 3rd Very few turned up this morning. Mrs Clayton promises to send her children to school more regularly in future."


Mrs Clayton had five children to think about:

1891 Census
Church Cottage, Cletterwod, Buttington
Name Position in
household
Marital
status
Age Occupation Place of Birth English/Welsh
speaker
John Clayton Head M 42 Wheelwright Salop, Chirbury English
Catherine Clayton Wife M 34   Montgomery, Welshpool English
Richard Clayton Son   15 Wheelwright's apprentice Salop, Chirbury English
Edward Clayton Son   12 Scholar Salop, Chirbury English
Martha Clayton Dau   10 Scholar Salop, Chirbury English
John Lloyd Clayton Son   7 Scholar Salop, Chirbury English
Thomas W H Clayton Son   2   Montgomery, Buttington English

Also listed in the school register was a Jane Clayton, another daughter of the family, who would have been 17 at census time and may have been in service.

Sometimes there were legitimate reasons for absence:

"Did not open school today . . . "
Powys County Archives

"June 4th Did not open school today as only 17 children came. Many children and parents are laid up with the epidemic influenza.

June 8th Received an order from the Medical Officer of Health to close this school on account of the influenza epidemic.

June 23rd Opened the school with an attendance of only 25 children."

The average roll for the school at the time was about 50 children. It must have been doubly exasperating for Mr Powell when the reasons for absence were not quite so legitimate:


"The vicar visited at 10.30 am . . . "
Powys County Archives


"May 12th The vicar visited at 10.30 am. Many children absent in the afternoon, having gone to the circus in Welshpool."



Helping at home was another issue:

"Haymaking has commenced . . . "
Powys County Archives


"July 10th The attendance is still very low. Haymaking has commenced and some of the children are kept at home to help."


School was clearly a lower priority for parents at the time, leading to more exasperation from Mr Powell:

"I could not carry on school . . . "
Powys County Archives


"July 20th As so few children turned up this morning I could not carry on school"


Hope was at hand with the abolition of school fees from September 1st 1891.

"Average attendance for the week 27.8 . . . "
Powys County Archives

"August 14th Average attendance for the week 27.8.

It is to be hoped that the attendance will greatly improve when the Free Education Act comes into force in September"


Improvements in attendance were slow to arrive but eventually the effects of the Act started to be felt. By the end of the year Mr Powell was able to report regular attendances of around 50 children per day.

For attendance problems at Llanbister Cantal School, please click here.


Buttington School
Abbeycwmhir National School

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